I. Judicial Network of the European Union
The Judicial Network of the European Union (JNEU) was created on the initiative of the President of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the Presidents of the Constitutional and Supreme Courts of the Member States on the occasion of the Meeting of Judges organized by the Court of Justice of the European Union on March 27th, 2017.
Exchange of Documents and Information
It is designed to promote the exchange of information on jurisprudence between the participating national courts and the Court of Justice of the European Union. On a website with limited access, the participating national courts and the Court of Justice of the European Union publish information on their jurisprudence concerning EU law, on questions which the national courts referred to the Court of Justice of the European Union for a preliminary ruling as well as on notes and studies.
Germany is represented in the network by the five federal supreme courts and the Federal Constitutional Court.
II. Superior Courts Network
The Superior Courts Network is a jurisdictions network maintained by the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), founded in 2015. The Federal Labour Court has joined the Network in 2017. The other German federal supreme courts also participate in the Superior Courts Network.
The purpose of the Superior Courts Network is to ensure effective exchange of information between the supreme national courts in Europe and the European Court of Human Rights on legal issues relating to human rights.
The more concrete operational objective of the Superior Courts Network is to create a practical and useful means of exchanging relevant information on Convention caselaw and related matters.
Once a year representatives of the supreme courts meet at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg for an exchange on matters relating to human rights.